All the priests who were not admitted in the council organized by Mahakashyap got together in a neighboring village. They made another collection of the Sutras, including Vinaya, Abhidhrama, Pitaka and of miscellaneous pitaka and the Dharani pitaka, five pitaka in all.
This congregation was called Mahasanghika.
Xuanzang has given a description of the site where Ashoka built a stupa to mark the site of Mahasanghika. The site as mentioned by Xuanzang is 20Li west of site of 1st council. We take two buffers from site identified by Beglar and site suggested by Marshall. There are two villages which fall in the area of interest.
Both the village has rich archaeological remains, big stupa like mounds and the potshards suggesting the site to be a vibrant place at the time of Buddha.
Simraur-25º00' 59"N 85º 20' 85"E
Ratna kharjamma-25º01' 09" N 85º 19' 38" E