Read more about Maha Kassapa at Pali Kanon
As per Pali sources his father was a rich farmer of village Mahatithha (ThagA.ii.141; AA.i.99; SA.ii.143) situated in Magadha. Maha Kassapa was not interested in the worldly life but keeping with the rules of the society and to please his parents he married Bhadda Kapilani but its said that they maintained celibacy. Once his parents died, both decided to become ascetics and parted company. The text indicates that the earth trembled at this renunciation due to the purity and merit of the ascetics. The Buddha, observing the trembling of the earth, saw with his paranormal vision that one of his future great disciples was on his way to meet Him. He decided to meet Kassapa enroute and walked down the road towards Mahatittha.
There is very little description available of the location of Mahatithha. All we know is it was in Magadha and the Buddha left Rajgriha for Mahatithha and sat under a banyan tree in between Rajgriha and Nalanda. Nalanda is in North-East direction of Rajgriha.From this description we know that the Buddha traveled towards North-East direction to receive his future disciple and the Maha Kassapa came from North or East of Rajgriha in the direction of the place where eventually he met the Buddha. Therefore its safe conclude that Mahatittha must be located in North-East region of Rajgriha.
|The Mahatittha Zone as per the Pali literature|
|Villages with the Buddhist remains in the Mahatittha zone|
There are many villages which may qualify the description but two villages Rukhaye (85° 22’ 12” E 25° 19’ 36” N) and Kapsiyawan (85° 17’ 13” E 25° 16’ 45” N) needs a closer and more elaborate study. Both the village has rich antiquities and the village has a big mound. The village has Bhumihaar community (also Brhamrishi, Babbhan) and many believe the Bhumihaar community has strong connection with the Brahmins from the Buddhist period. Many sub-sects of the local Bhumihaar community have roots in Rukhaye and Kapsiyawan, i.e. they have migrated from these two villages.
|Buddhist remains at Rukhaye|
|An elderly person from the Village sharing the tradition of the Migration of the Bhumihaar community|
|The Village Rukhaye settled over the Big Mound|
|Mauryan brick at Kapsiyawan|
|Mound of kpsiyawan|
|The Buddhist Sculptures at Kapsiyawan|