Methodology for need assessment and situation analysis
The Participatory Rural appraisal is an affective way of gathering initial information based on which future policies and guidelines could be formulated. PRA tools suitable for the objectives of community participation project were identified, list of the tools and type of information to be elicited is as mentioned below,
• Participatory Mapping: This tool helps with the basic inventory survey of the available infrastructure.
• Semi structured interviews: This interaction provides with helpful in-depth information
• Time line: The tool helps to find the impact of seasonal, religious and time bound tourism.
• Group Discussion: This tool allows us to explore a range of concerns and interests. The process also raises awareness about the resources and communication thus brings forth any potential conflict, and provides a platform for consensus building.
The PRA platform helps develop the framework and guidelines for developing short term and long term goals and to find the strategy to implement these plans we need to make sure that the heritage is not exploited in the process and its integrity is maintained. The cadastral map of the area gives us detailed references for finding suitable lands while minimizing the adverse impact of land acquisition for development purposes and that would lead to a master plan that would be widely accepted. The community is involved in the process from the beginning and is aware of the challenges and benefits of each alternative and the possible conflicts have potentially been addressed at the grass root levels and thus developing a consensus for a plan that is best for the greater good. The common goal being that we share everything with the tourist that would intrigue them about the culture, increase their respect for the heritage and local culture and in turn extend their total stay in the area and the process would mutually benefit the community and the visitor.
Researching more into the customs and culture of the people and relating it to the evidences in the literature would develop Nalanda as a complete destination package with some activities to appeal different tastes of variety of tourists.