Community needs to be strengthened so that it is strong enough to take care of the heritage it has been holding together for centuries. The people have to be aware of the privileges and responsibilities of the heritage that they are a part of, they need to take pride in their culture and be willing to share it with the world and maintain its sanctity. This would also remove the fear of exploitation by third parties and the risk of revenues moving away from the area.
The need to involve the community at the beginning stages is mandated for a successful plan because these are the people who will be instrumental in implementing it and then based on the escalating needs of the area be the judge for its success or failure. A proper representation from all stakeholder groups would result in conflict management at early stages and mark for a smoother execution of the final plan.
The idea of community ownership of heritage and its active management is the key to a sustainable long term plan. The current situation of things with negligible community involvement or input leads to an incoherent action plan that ends up as waste of effort and resources. To really make a plan go the extra mile, the people should be given a chance to voice their concerns and then involve them in the decision making process and make them aware of the issues and limitations and that would lead to a self managing, continually evolving action plan that takes care of the community and at the same time protects the heritage.